Many countries are stepping up efforts to join the Paris Agreement on climate change at a special high-level event to be hosted by United Nations Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon on Wednesday, 21 September.
It is expected that Nigeria’s President Muhammadu Buhari will sign the agreement at the event.
In the words of Ban Ki Moon who is accelerating fresh Paris Agreement drive: “We must put the aspirations of Paris into action. We have no time to waste, and much to gain, from the historic Paris Agreement on climate change entering into force this year. To build further momentum, I have asked leaders to come to New York with their instruments of ratification or to publicly commit to joining the agreement before the end of 2016.”
The 21 September high-level event will advance efforts to secure early entry into force of the Paris Agreement by providing an opportunity for countries to deposit their instruments of ratification, acceptance, approval or accession to the agreement with the Secretary-General, as stipulated in the agreement.
The event will also recognise those countries that have joined the agreement since the 22 April signing ceremony.
The event will further recognise countries that have committed to join the agreement in 2016, but because of the need to finalise domestic processes, cannot deposit their instruments on 21 September.
To date, 27 countries accounting for 39.08 per cent of the total global greenhouse gas emissions have officially joined the Paris Agreement.
Efforts to join the agreement have accelerated since China and the United States officially joined the Agreement on 3 September by presenting their documents to the Secretary-General at a ceremony prior to the G-20 Summit in Hangzhou, China.
The Paris Agreement will enter into force 30 days after at least 55 countries, accounting for 55 per cent of global greenhouse gas emissions, deposit their instruments of ratification or acceptance with the Secretary-General.
In April, 175 countries signed the agreement – a record for one day – at a signing ceremony in New York. The final step in the process is for countries to join the agreement at the national level and deposit their legal instruments with the Secretary-General.