The Environmental Rights Action/Friends of the Earth Nigeria (ERA/FoEN) has urged the Federal Government to ban shisha because it is harmful to the environment and health of the smokers.

    Shisha or hookah is a single or multi-stemmed instrument for vapourising and smoking flavoured tobacco (called Mu‘assel), or sometimes cannabis or hashish, whose vapour or smoke is passed through a water basin—often glass-based—before inhalation.

    According to Cyril Elgood, the physician of Akbar, Irfan Shaikh, invented the hookah in India.

    ERA urged tgovernment to ake a cue from nations that have banned the importation and smoking of water-pipe tobacco.

    The non-governmental organisation said the pipe must be banned because of its addictiveness and deadly effect on the health of users as well as the environment.

    ERA Head, Media and Campaigns, Philip Jakpor, in a statement issued in Lagos, described the reported ban on shisha across the globe as a welcome development, noting that Nigeria should not wait for shisha bars to become recruitment centres for the under-aged before adopting a similar approach.

    The NGO made the demand following the announced ban on the product by a host of countries across Africa, with Kenya being the latest after Tanzania and Rwanda.

    Tanzania banned the product in July 2016, while Rwanda started enforcing a ban from December 15, 2017. Other countries across the globe that have equally banned shisha and shisha bars are Pakistan, Jordan, Singapore and Saudi Arabia.

    A recent study by University of Nairobi found shisha had traces of opiates, and concluded that smoking the product has effects similar to smoking tobacco.

    Pipe-sharing among users could also lead to the spread of infectious diseases such as tuberculosis and hepatitis.

    Akinbode Oluwafemi, ERA/FoEN Deputy Executive Director, said: “We commend our sister African countries that have taken this bold and life-saving step in banning this toxic product. The Nigerian government must act in like manner to save Nigerian youths who believe that shisha is less harmful.”

    Oluwafemi explained that studies show that patrons who smoke just one single session of shisha are in reality consuming the content of about 100 or more cigarettes.

    He lamented that while patrons of the product are portrayed as hype, they stand increased risk of heart diseases, cancer, lung disease and many other deadly ailments. Pregnant users also develop problems.

    The ERA/FoEN boss said the content of shisha, like cigarettes, includes nicotine, tar, carbon monoxide, arsenic, lead and other poisonous and cancer-causing chemicals, while some contain heroin and cocaine.

    He explained that the side effects of smoking shisha might not be immediately noticeable just like cigarettes, but with time, the toxic vapours slowly damage vital organs of the body of the smoker.

    Going further, he alerted that Abuja, Port Harcourt and other cities across the country now have thriving shisha bars patronised by the elite, celebrities and supposed role models who not only smoke the product, but also circulate pictures and videos of their shisha orgies on social media, feeling cool and hype.

    “The tobacco industry will stop at nothing in their quest for more lungs to consume their products. The Federal Government must act proactively by banning shisha and closing the shisha bars if we do not want our kids to become prime targets to be recruited into smoking. There should be no more delay on this,” Oluwafemi insisted.


    By Anoruo, Innocent C.